HISTORY of the golden retriever:
Other names Yellow Retriever
Country / Date of origin: Scotland / mid 19th century
Developed on the estate of Lord Tweedmouth in Scotland, the
Golden Retriever is thought to be the result of a dominant
mutation called a "sport" which was found in a litter
of pups from a Flat-Coated Retriever and Tweed Water Spaniel
cross. There has been a lot of myth around the story but we can
think that this is probably close to the way it happened.
The beautiful golden dogs were given as gifts to the family's
many sporting friends both in the UK and in the United States
where several of the Lord's sons settled. It is still used
successfully in the field although it has steep competition from
the Labrador Retriever for top spot in water retrieving.
Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1932.
- A rather heavily muscled, dense coated gun dog of the
- Height: 20-24 inches (at shoulder) There is considerable
difference between dogs and bitches in this breed.
- Weight: 60-80 pounds.
- Heavily feathered tail is carried horizontally level with
back and is not altered.
- Small ears hang close to the head and are not altered.
- Brains, beauty, and birdiness.
- An exceptional sensitivity to owner's moods.
- Great intelligence coupled with an intense desire to
- Perfect with kids.
- Gentle and loving. This breed is everyone's friend.
- The dense double coat has a water resistant undercoat.
- The coat may be straight or wavy.
- Color allowed is gold- as the name implies. The British
allow pale shades of gold and cream but the Americans
insist on a rich lustrous gold and penalize light and
- Americans want the neck hair to form a ruff and the
British prefer it trimmed off.
- Fourth most popular dog in the United States.
- Well known for its work as a guide dog for the blind,
hearing dog for the deaf and as a therapy dog for the
- As a testament to its intelligence and trainability, the
first three dogs to win an AKC Obedience Championship
were Golden Retrievers.
- Retrieving instinct is so strong that anything not nailed
down will be carried around.
- Rapid surge in popularity has left this once healthy
breed with numerous genetic defects.
- Hip dysplasia.
- Lymph cancer.
- Kidney problems.
- Bleeding disorders such as von Willebrand's disease.
- Epilepsy (especially in European bloodlines).